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In an act to reduce the number of road accidents on our roads, the government of India has made it compulsory for all commercial vehicles to be equipped with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS).
ABS was first introduced in 1929 for aircrafts, by French aircraft pioneer Gabriel Voisin. ABS works by giving the tyres traction on the road during hard braking by prevent wheel lock-up. When the wheels don't lock, they have better traction. ABS delivers electronic distribution of pressure to the wheels, giving the driver more control over the vehicle to steer away from an object or to bring the vehicle to a safe halt.
India stands first in numbers for road accidents world wide. According to a survey in 2012, a shocking 1.42 lakh people lost their lives in 5 lakh accidents. Commercial vehicles like trucks and buses accounted for 30% of them.
According to another survey, 77% of these accidents were because of high speed collisions, loss of control or vehicles skidding.
The Government wants all the new vehicles to be fitted with ABS from this coming fiscal year, for all new production commercial vehicles.
ABS is possibly the second most important safety feature for vehicle passengers after seat belts. However, vehicles fitted with ABS may cost up to a lakh extra, manufacturers have stated.
The Indian Government is also planning on making airbags and heads-up display as standard fitment as devices like these will keep the drivers' attention on the road, thus reducing accidents even more.