The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways issued a draft notification earlier this year to jump from BS IV emission norms to BS VI emission standards by 2020.
With the new emission norms set to roll from April 1, 2020, the humble carburettor will be phased out to make way for new technology - EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection).
However, this change will result in the increase in the cost of two-wheelers on the whole. Not many have taken to the EFI technology and will take time before the technology is harnessed in India.
Currently, with no localisation of the EFI, the cost of two-wheeler will go up significantly. However, many manufacturers have started to work on localising the EFI in India.
About 20 million carburettor units will be making way for the EFI in 2020. Manufacturers offer their models in EFI in some of the export countries to comply with the emission norms. Hence, they are ready for the change, however, with India to leapfrog to BS VI from BS IV in 2020, this could be a challenge.
The move from the old to new technology will increase the cost of single two wheelers in the range of Rs. 6,000 to Rs. 10,000. However, with localisation, this cost will come down.
So what is EFI technology?
To put it in simple terms, EFI is a computer controlled or ECU (Electronic Computer Unit) fuel delivery system. With the help of a software, the ECU will determine the amount of fuel required to mix with air and supply it to the engine.
Some of the current two-wheelers which have EFI technology are KTM range of bikes, Royal Enfield's Classic 500, Continental GT, Thunderbird 500, and Yamaha has it in their R15, R3 Fazer, FZS, FZ. Also, Hero has it in their Karizma and Glamour.