In the past people, people only dreamed about flying. The things have changed now when we discovered the basics of flying. Today, every nation is trying to strengthen its military forces and we have many air crafts that have surpassed the speed of sound which is Mach 1.0. Mach 1.0 = 1194kmph.
The fact is many aircraft has exceeded the speed of Mach 2.0. Almost all of the fastest aircraft are designed to infiltrate different territories and even to destroy them in a blink of an eye. Here are the top 10 fastest aircraft in the world.
10. Sukhoi Su-27
Russian-made fighter jet which is compared with the US F-15 (American fighter jet). Sukhoi can reach a top speed of 2.35 Mach. This superfast fighter jet was commissioned to give a direct competition to America's F-14 Tomcat and F-15. It was introduced in 1985 and since then over 800 units are made.
9. General Dynamics F-111
According to situations this aircraft has been used as an interdictor, a fighter bomber and a strategic bomber. Even though it can do multiple roles in warfare, the main reason this aircraft is on our list is because the speed it can achieve. It has a top speed of 2.5 Mach. It was first commissioned by the US in the 1960s. Then by early 1970s, the Royal Australian Air Force also ordered F-111s.
8. McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle
An all-weather fighter plane designed by McDonnell Douglas and the eagle first made its flight on July 27, 1972. McDonnell Douglas, which is now Boeing made this aircraft a favourite among many countries because of its ability to manoeuvre especially in dogfights. The F-15 eagle is considered as the most successful fighter plane ever built. It can achieve a top speed of 2.5 Mach.
7. Mikoyan MiG-31
An interceptor aircraft developed by the Soviet Union. It is also known as Foxhound. The aircraft was in production from 1975 to 1994. Mikoyan MiG-31 is still used by the Russian Air Force and Kazakhstan Air Force. MiG-31 is unique because of the fact that it could fly in supersonic speed in both high and low altitude. At high altitudes, it can do 2.83 Mach and in low, 1.23 Mach.
6. XB-70 Valkyrie
This enormous jet is 2,40,000 kilogrammes heavier and is powered by six engines. The aircraft can fly three times faster than the speed of sound. Because of achieving Mach 3.0, surrounding areas of aircraft could reach up to 330-degree celsius. This American-made aircraft is purposely designed to out run Soviet air crafts and to escape a nuclear blast. Unlike other supersonic aircrafts on this list, only two were made. Also, this model is decommissioned.
5. Bell X-2 Starbuster
Also known as the Starbuster, the Bell X-2 is a research aircraft. It is purposely made to discover the effects of flying in the Mach 2-3 range. The aircraft was developed back in 1945. Rocket engine was used for powering the X-2. Only two examples were made but during the years it provided researchers and engineers with data needed to develop modern aircrafts. The researchers revealed that the only problem that they faced when approaching Mach 3.0 was the stability and control of the aircraft.
4. Mikoyan MiG-25
Mikoyan MiG-25 is also known as the Foxbat. It is a unique aircraft that made use of stainless steel design. This aircraft is an example of Soviet's superior aircraft technology. The Foxbat first made its flight in 1964 and a few years later in 1970, it entered the service. The top speed it can do is Mach 2.85.
3. Lockheed YF-12
Lockheed designed YF-12 as an interceptor designed for the US Air Force. The aircraft's design was based on the top secret Lockheed A-12 reconnaissance aircraft. Only three model were made and each cost around 15 to 18 million dollars. This particular aircraft can accelerate to 3.2 Mach at 74,000 feet.
2. Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
SR-71 Blackbird was basically developed from the Lockheed A-12 reconnaissance aircraft of the 1960s. The air craft's main objective is to outrun threats during missions. 32 Blackbirds were used but unfortunately, 12 of them were lost in accidents. None were shot down by the enemies. It was decommissioned in 1966. The SR-71 can achieve Mach 3+speed.
1.North American X-15
These aircrafts are the fastest in the world with a top speed of Mach 6.72. These are borderline spacecraft introduced in 1959. The X-15 have been modified several times. First Flights were made with two rocket engines. Later, it underwent evolution and used only a single XLR99 engine for flights.